Science projects for second graders help them learn a scientific principle through an experiment or a series of experiments. The project helps them to apply the skills that they have been taught. Through the second grade science fair project, children learn to ask questions, collect relevant data, write conclusions and present their findings in an attractive and effective manner.
While choosing the topic for the second grade science fair project, the raw materials required should be kept in mind. Very good second grade science fair projects can be done using household materials and material, which are commonly and easily available. Expensive laboratory equipment is not necessary for a second grade science fair project.
The entire second grade science fair project has to be thoroughly planned. The reports that are written should be clear and to the point.
Presentation is the key factor in second grade science fair projects and the following should be kept in mind:
1.The child should understand the topic very clearly and should have absolutely no doubts.
2.The child should be able to explain the project without reading it out.
3.The child should be confident and enthusiastic.
4.The child should be able to speak knowledgeably.
5.The child should present the project in a well organized and clear manner.
6.The project should be original and unique reflecting the creativity of the child.
Topics for second grade science projects are innumerable. However, interesting and original projects can be based on these questions: –
– How far can an animal be heard?
– How are diseases transmitted?
– How long are the blood vessels in different animals?
– Do plants lose water through their leaves?
– Which side of a plant leaf takes in Carbon dioxide?
– How do different colored lights affect plants?
– How fast can a rat/guinea pig run through a maze?
– Why is the sky blue?
– How are rainbows formed?
– Why does ice cream melt?
The advantages of doing an experiment so early on are innumerable. Such projects arouse the curiosity of the student. They are also intellectually stimulating as the child searches for answers instead of being spoon fed information. The students conducts the experiment and gets the result and then explores the reason behind the result and the scientific principle or principles involved.
Some experiments are done in groups. In such cases, children learn to co-operate with one other and work together as a team. They learn the importance of team spirit and they learn to adjust and compromise. In case the project has to be done individually, the child learns to be independent and self confident, however, these projects must be very small in scale, because the students are still to young and disorganized to do anything too complex.
These experiments also strengthen the bond between children and parents. The parents and children sit together and discuss various topics and the options available to them. The child feels happy that the parent is involved in his or her school work.
The second grade fair science projects also enable a student to learn a topic thoroughly and as he or she has learn it on his/her own, the child will not easily forget the scientific principle involved. Also, these experiments encourage children to enjoy science and develop a love for the subject.