The art of the UK refers to all kinds of visual art in or associated with the UK since its creation in 1707. Britain became part of western art tradition and history, during the 18th century and once again started to take the most prominent place in European art and exhibitions during the middle ages, being especially powerful in landscape art and portraiture. Rising UK prosperity led to a highly increased production of both decorative arts and fine arts .
The European Romantic period generated the very diverse talents of Turner, J.M.W, William Blake, Samuel Palmer and John Constable. The Victorian time saw an amazing diversity of traditional art , and a much improved quality of work than before. Much Romantic Victorian art is now out of fashion, with interest concentrating on the innovative moments of Pre-Raphaelites at the close of the century.
The training of the traditional artists, which had long been feeble, began to be improved by the government and private initiatives in the 18th century. The combination of general public exhibitions and later opening times of art museums brought art to a much wider public, especially in capital city of London. In the 19th century religious art was promoted, and once again became the most popular, after a virtual absence in many nations, and movements such as the Glasgow school (Academic art ) and Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood.
The United Kingdom’s contribution to the start of Modernist art was relatively good, but since the Second World War UK artists have made a powerful attempt at contemporary and traditional art , particularly with figurative work, and the UK remains a centre of exhibiting globalized art in the traditional world.
The beginning of art in the UK can be seen at Stonehenge from 2600 BC, and the gold and tin works of art launched by the Breaker inhabitants from around 2150 BC. The trend of Catholic art reached the UK isles rather late, not earlier than about 400 BC and grew a particular "Celtic insular" trend seen in powers such as Shield Battersea, and some bronze mirror backs equipped with intricate areas of curves, trumpet-shapes and spirals. Only in the United Kingdom isles can the Celtic equipped style be seen to have survived throughout the great Roman times, as displayed in objects like Celtic motifs and Stafford shrine moorlands, now mixed with Mediterranean elements and Germanic interlace in Christian insular tradition and art .
This had a short life but spectacular blooming in all nations, coming from the British in the 8th and 9th centuries, in works as such as the Book of Lindisfarne and Book of Kells. The Insular art was influential across Europe north, and especially so in later Saxon-Anglo art , although this was subject to many of the latest continental influences. The British contribution to Gothic and Romanesque art was powerful, especially in illuminated Monumental sculpture and manuscripts for churches, though the other nations were now essentially federal, and in the 16th century UK struggled to save with developments in painting on the region.