Finance is the general term applied to the commercial service of providing funds and capital. This is part of the area of economics that focuses on the strategies and methods of looking after money and other financial assets. A more general and accepted definition is the control of business plus public sector assets and money. People that look after or manage the arranging of finance are called finance managers.
Managing this involves dealing with the optimization and allocation of funds to various areas either by borrowing or by using those available from internal resources. The term optimization is used to explain the procedure whereby finance is maximized by reducing costs and increasing the return. Poor finance
Finance managers can be very short sighted, only looking at the initial cost involved and not the future return capability of the project. Finance managers are people who always like to see where they have been and do not look towards the future in the same way that a sales manager does. Many small business owners forget that the business loan they have arranged is not for personal use; a distinction which gets blurred regularly. Managers are rarely impressed with this situation as they believe they have aright to know what their money is being used for.
This may cause some concern amongst small business owners but they should train themselves to be more focused on their business which should in turn create a better frame of mind for the future. An important area for businesses to receive finance is their own bank or failing that good friends or even relatives. The simple trick is for finance managers to arrange loans using outside lenders thereby protecting their own assets whilst maximizing their own profit simultaneously. Bob Hope once said that you can only get a loan from a bank if you can prove to them you have absolutely no need for it; advice which could not be more true.