7 Analytical points on the aspect of Terrorism
1. Definition of Terrorism:-
Criminal and violent acts committed by a section of the people against the Society, Humanity and the Government to get their demands accepted or get their work done may be categorized as Terrorism . In other words, terrorism takes place when some section of people adopts violent means to change the democratic set up or to get their demands fulfilled. Generally, this section does not believe in negotiation or cannot achieve their aim through it.
Among many faces of the terrorism, following are a few to be named:- Sabotage, Assassinations, Derailment of trains, Hijacking of planes Abduction and Kidnappings, Mass killings, Looting of Banks and other Public Offices, Destruction of Public properties, and Exploding Bombs etc. The purpose of the terrorisms – is to create terror in the minds of the people and thereby to make the outfit’s ground strong, which inter alia may compel the Administration to bow down before the antisocial and thereby to accept their demands. The antisocial have no respect in the ethnic values and to the government and humanity. They resort to violence to create a panicky in the society and to terrorize the civic bodies. Satisfaction of their demands and taking revenge becomes the main aim, therefore the easiest way chosen is the terrorism.
2. Causes of Terrorism:-
Basic causes of terrorism are —-
a. Dissatisfaction over certain issues:- There may always be some difference of opinion or disagreement between persons, societies, regions, groups, provinces or countries, but some people could not reconcile the same and get frustrated which ultimately resorts to lawlessness, looting, killing, kidnapping and mass violence. Unemployment and poverty which arises due to regional imbalance of economic development in different parts of the world also play vital role in promoting terrorism. Sometimes terrorism takes birth due to religious reasons and caste conflicts also.
b. Misuse of National and International Machinery: – National and International governments often use their might where some other means could have done well, party politics, partiality and biased decisions also responsible for this severe problem. The sections which are at the receiving end get depressed and frustrated and form outfit groups who starts indulging on atrocities and disturbing the normal life trying to draw the attention of the world towards them.
c. Technological Development: – Development in science and technology has given us several destructive and improved arms and ammunitions which have somehow reached in the hands of the outfits. Easy access to the fatal arms and availability of huge money laundered from different corners are not only helping formation of the miscreant groups but also aggravating the problems. Cross country illegal drag and ammunition trafficking also contributes havoc in this parameter.
d. Injustice and Exploitation Motive: – Tendency to exploit others is a perennial innate phenomenon which is still very much persistent in almost all corners of the world. The poor and less developed are still being exploited by the so called advanced sectors and the former thinks that the system can be set right by means of terrorism and muscle power.
e. Assistance and encouragement from outside: – Several countries in the world are facing the aggravated terrorism problem. Because of the cross border assistance provided to the anti social elements by means of pecuniary help or arms contribution or some other way, the problem sometimes becomes unmanageable. This type of cross country terrorism indulged by a few countries just to get their vested interests satisfied is simply unethical and must be deplored by all and sundries irrespective of caste, creed and color.
3. Basic features of terrorism:-
This is predominantly planned and intentional action performed in a group or by a party in an organized manner for the purpose of conducting preconceived destructive activity.
Mainly aimed at particular group, administration, law enforcing authority, government, civilians or public property.
Always undemocratic, unlawful, barbaric and unethical.
It’s an unacceptable approach to create a psychological impact in the minds of society and thereby to pressurize the administration and the government to bow down before the demands of the terrorists.
Main aim is to get the things done or to take the revenge by hook or by crook.
4. Why do they resort to terror?
The terrorists do not have any respect for the democratic law and order, they do not believe in negotiation, but want to get their demand accepted. They know that the government can not tolerate the killing and abduction of innocent citizens, children and women, thus they resort to such activity in order to create pressure to the administration to accept their demand. Some terrorist activities take place just to take revenge for the sake of satisfaction and heroism. There are some groups who indulge on terrorism on the pretext of religion also.
5. What is the Impact of terrorism?
It has a great impact in the society, in the economy, in the ethnic values. Being an anti social and destructive activity, it halts the economic and social development of a nation. People behind terrorism are disgruntled, brainless, and crazy who tries to create panic in the minds of the people and in the society by killing innocent people either in the name of their abnormal demand or in the name of religions without any regard to ethics and human values to satisfy their perverted interest. Since business and other economic activities flourish in the peaceful and secured atmosphere, there bound to be hindrance in the development in the economic sector where the terrorist activists are indulged in looting, abduction, kidnapping, and other destructive activities. The provinces or countries which are encouraging this type of violence are spending million of dollars in this regard which could have been diverted to economic development for the welfare of the citizens by providing medical facilities, education, and establishing other industries and infrastructural facilities . On the other hand, the Government or the country which are resisting the terrorists have also to spend huge resources from the Government exchequers for preventing the outfits by way of training and deployment of forces and purchasing of modern and improved equipments and ammunitions.
7. Ways and means to control the terrorism:-
First and foremost job is to inculcate strong public opinion and a serious attempt should be made to create awareness for problems like this.
There should not be any compromise so far as the lawlessness is concerned. More pungent acts should be enacted and implemented to counter this menace. Administration should not hesitate to adopt coercive measures whatever it deserves. Exemplary punishment must be awarded to the outfits. Armed forces and the organizations engaged in preventing this type of activity should be adequately equipped with modern and improved version of weapons.
In case of cross country terrorism, assistance may be sought from other peace-loving countries /nations who are willing to extend their helping hands for prevention of terrorism. World public opinion should be gathered against those countries that are assisting such barbaric acts; they should be isolated under the prudent leadership of the World body like UNO.
Economic and regional imbalances would be minimized with the constructive assistance of world bodies, whose intervention may play a great role in this regard.
Citizens should also come forward to stop providing assistance to outfits. They must extend their full cooperation to the administration to curb the menace.
Communal harmony is another essential requirement to counter the threat of terrorism.
In any means the fear from the minds of the people should be eradicated which the antisocial try to implant. Protection must be provided to the people but at the same time it is to be ensured that excessive and misutilization of power by the law enforcing bodies should be avoided at any cost which will have adverse impact in the situation.