Accounting finance, also referred to as financial accountancy, is used for reference material for people who do not work in a company. This information can either be given to the, or people inside the company. Its primary purpose is to inform those inside the company, such as: stockholders, suppliers, employees, owners, and other stakeholders.
Simply put, accounting finance allows decision makers of a business to be informed about the current fiscal direction of that business.
The different types of accounting finance documents that would be used to inform these decision makers of the condition of a business are a balance sheet, income statement, and statements of retained earnings and cash flow. This accounting finance information outlines assets, liabilities, net equity, income, expenses, and cash on hand to work with. Depending on how these vital statistics are compiled and presented, any operation of the company can easily change.
Cash method and accrual method of accounting finance can play a major role in how decisions are made. The cash accounting method only shows money being obtained when it is physically received. Since accrual accounting finance records sales and purchases when an order is processed, it looks like a lot of money is on-hand when it still needs to be collected.
Accounting finance data needs to be considered for virtually every decision made within a business. From hiring new employees or not, to how much and how expensive of equipment to buy, to entering a new product market, accounting finance is the basis for all business decisions.
A successful company operates very closely to their projected budget. The budget is almost solely composed from the numbers, but market predictions are also taken into account. Accounting finance is most obviously important in a case of a company projecting a large income and spends accordingly, and then the funds run dry before the end of the month/year.
It is common knowledge that managers and department directors need to know the companies financial standing to calculate how many supplies are needed and such, but employees can also benefit from knowing the accounting finance. If employees are bargaining for year-end pay raises or labor union agreements, that information can give much support.
The reason accounting finance information would be dispersed to the public is for prospective investors, banks, lending companies, and government agencies.
An intelligent investor will investigate the financial momentum of the possible stock purchase. By finding the relevant figures, investors can see if a company is growing before it actually happens.
Banks and lending companies must look at the accounting finance of a company to make sure that the invested money can be paid back and on what payment plan.
Government agencies evaluate the amount of taxes to charge and the amount of tax deductions from accounting finance. Audits use this information as well, but in the case of an audit, the validity and wholeness are examined in more detail.