The History and Copyright of Clip Art

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Clip  art  is a collection of graphic images of various shapes, sizes and colors, including maps, diagrams, illustrations, cartoons and designs, available to you for copying and pasting into your own page layout. You can shop for any activity that needs an image, such as business presentations, birthday/wedding invitations, sports events, holiday greetings, etc. People associate clip  art  with web decoration, but the images are also available in printed format. Clip  art  consists exclusively of illustrations, and excludes photographic images.

Clip  Art  History

Clip  art  started as reproductions of simple line  art  drawings. These drawings were pressed full size onto a board where text or additional images were used. The board would be referred to as a ‘mechanical’ and ready for photographing.

When personal computers were introduced on the market, the average users needed  art  to spice up their projects. The clip  art  industry was initiated with the creation of desktop publishing. In 1983 VCN Excuvision introduced a package of clip  art  for pc users, and in 1984 Macintosh followed up with its own release, graphical user interface (GUI), a term that has become synonymous with web images. Also in 1984, the package of illustrations called “ClickArt” was released.

It was not until 1985 when Aldus released Page Maker 5 for desktop publishing that clip  art  came into its own. Aldus made it possible for the home user to produce professional quality publishing, which rendered clip  art  very popular and in great demand. People started producing business presentations, newsletters, invitations, and brochures. Technology allowed for simple designs and basic colors.

Steady progress was made in both home computing and clip  art . In the early 90’s, the production of cd-roms with an array of electronic  art  became a necessity. Microsoft began to include clip  art  in their products. Another company, T/Maker, started producing massive amounts of digital  art . Some of their copyright free collections held over 500,000 images.

Through the years, clip  art  has been a steady add-on for computer programs and a revenue generator for companies. In the 2000’s, the emergence of the internet as a sales tool was recognized. Clip  art  on the web was sold by reputable websites that are still around today. Clipart.com, GraphicsFactory.com and Weddingclipart.com have online libraries for sale, allowing it to be sold not only as bundled software from computer companies, but also as individual pieces in a collection of illustrations. Moreover, subscriptions to clip  art  websites are increasing at a fast pace. Clip  art  is a mini industry that is proving to be self reliant and here to stay.

Copyright for Clip  Art  Usage

The legal aspect regarding the usage of images on the web has long been a grey issue. The web started out with text only, left-justified, a warehouse of articles. It was not until it was well established that images, buttons and graphics were introduced. Unfortunately, by that time, the action of downloading images for personal reuse was rampant. Subsequently, companies and their lawyers have now become vigilant with respect to the issue of copyrights.

The dictionary defines copyright as ownership over a creation. Whether that creation is literary, audio, musical, or has any other artistic attribute, its ownership belongs to the creator. That copyright is in force for the life of the creator and 50 years after. Just because some of these creations are posted to the web does not mean that the item is in the public domain. Another great misconception involves the common belief that if you download it and change it by adding or subtracting from the creation, it then becomes yours. That is wrong. You must obtain written permission from the owner to reproduce or change clip  art .

The terms for usage are dictated by the creator of the company who owns the clip  art . The reproduction terms may be as simple as a few lines or as complicated as the usage for major companies like Nike and Ford.

What you can and cannot use

You may use clip  art  images when it is indicated that they are ‘free to use’ on commercial and personal web pages.

Before copying an image for your use, ensure yourself that it is free to use on a personal web site. However, if you have any advertisement on your website, the copied image then becomes commercial and therefore cannot be used on that particular website, unless it is specified that it can be used on a commercial website.

Linkware images allow you usage of the image if you link back to the creator’s page.

This issue is not one of entitlement but one of ownership. If you are caught by the owner using his image, legal action can be initiated, forcing you to remove it and pay for past usage. Be wary because the legal rulings with respect to clip  art  copyrights are far from being lenient.


Source by Donovan Gauvreau

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