Accounting is defined as the recording, summarizing, and classifying of money and other financial events systematically. Accountancy, in a simpler sense, is the procedure of communicating and translating finances from a business organization to its managers and stakeholders. It is one of the oldest trades and it has been used for thousands of years. It is also dubbed as the language of business since it communicates finances to different people.
Accounting is also an important element in the business sector since it has to do with money. It analyzes if a certain business organization (or even if an individual person) is making profit or loss. In doing this, the accountant needs to follow certain rules and regulations in conducting financial recording and analysis.
There are many different types that are used, not just in the business sector, but also in other sectors as well. The most common types are as follows:
-Management Accounting has to do with the studying and recording the financial factors of a business firm. The professionals who do this type of job usually have to conduct financial planning, asset management, and budgeting among other skills.
-Financial accounting is concerned about the assessing the financial conditions of a firm. The financial accountant usually has to follow certain regulations in doing this. Financial accounting is helpful for companies in aiding them in their investments steps.
-Fiduciary accounting is usually managed by the court. This is usually done by a trustee. The trustee then needs to keep financial records when conducting a trust or when executing the estate of a dead person.
-Governmental accounting is the financial management of government offices. But most often it has more to do with data management than with the profits. For this type, the accountant usually has to audit, budget, and manage the finances of these government outlets.
-Project accounting is like management accounting but more focused on a certain project. This can help organizations in scheduling finances as a project progresses.
-Public accounting is the service offered by public accountants to the people. The accountant can have clients that are local, national, or foreign. There are some countries that have requirements before an accountant can practice. There are others who would just need to have a related education and experience.
-Private accounting is a type of accounting that is only limited to a certain firm. The accountant here is employed to provide accounting services. This is more of an employee-employer relationship.
Even if accounting is more used in the business sector, average people can also make use of it in analyzing their daily expenses and their income. Moreover, it is a very useful trade as it helps the business industry in their finances. This then ripples to the entire economy which is mainly affected by the decisions of different business organizations.