Understanding Art


 Art  is anything that people add to their ‘output’ which is

not functionally necessary and is other than the default

properties of that output. The word “ art ” has been derived

from the Latin word ‘ars’, which, loosely translated,

means “arrangement” or “to arrange”. This is the only

universal definition of  art , that whatever it is was at some

point arranged in some way. There are many other

colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its

etymological roots. This word comes from the Greek

technic meaning  art .

 Art  and science are usually treated diagonally opposite to

each other. While science means some phenomenon

resulting in truth, which is universal and objective in

nature. In other words, science findings can be repeated

under the same set of circumstances anywhere in the

world at any given point of time. Same cannot be said of

 art .  Art , on the other hand is purely subjective in nature.

Take for example, a painting – while one calls it a

masterpiece, same feelings cannot be expected from

other individual.

 Art  can roughly be divided into two, namely philosophical

 art  and aesthetic  art . The philosophical type of  art 

involves human figures for some purposive actions. In

other words, philosophical  art  depicts human condition or

it is the conceptual frame of mind of the artist.

Aesthetic  art , on the other hand, shows the perceived

frame of mind. Two examples will help illustrate these

two points of view – a Mona Lisa painting is philosophical

 art , while a demon being killed by a super human is

aesthetic. These two categories are also called classical

and modern  art  respectively.

There are other ways of classifying  art  – major among

them being architecture, design, painting, music,

drawing, literature, performing  art , etc. While these have

been (and still are) traditional forms of  art  performed by

human kind, newer forms of  art  have emerged with the

advent of technology. Some of the later era  art  forms are

games, animation, movie, computer  art , shooting, etc.

Two of the most researched areas of interest to artists,

critiques and archeologists has been the  art  movement

(or  art  history) and  art  school.

An  art  movement is a typical style or tendency in  art  with

a specific common philosophy, followed by a group of

artists during a restricted period of time (ranging from a

few months to years or decades).  Art  school is any

educational institute offering education to its students on

various forms of  art .

Birth of  art  gave rise to another group of individuals –  art 

critics.  Art  critics study and evaluate a piece of  art . Its

main purpose is to rationalize the evaluation of  art , and

ridding of any personal opinion affecting the work of  art .

 Art  criticism today deploys systematic and formal

methods to evaluate the piece of  art .

Museums are known to nurture and store work of  arts 

across the world. Early era museums were patronized by

the then kings and emperors. Today these are

maintained by governments or private trusts with or

without public money. Three major museum institutes are

British Museum, Museum of Modern  Art , New York and

Galerie des Offices in France.

Understanding  art  in its totality is almost an impossible

task for a human being. There are over 3,600 terms in  art 

to be understood. And these are not definitive in nature.

 Art  is when you are free to redefine these.

Source by Redi Zartey

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