Washing Machine Motor is a device used for driving the clothes in the washing machine and induces the machine to run at a predetermined speed.
It runs with the help of the AC induction motor and this is powered with the help of DC to AC inverter. It is situated on the lower body of the machine and the motor forces the belt to tumble the wash tub. The motor is responsible for the tumbling, rotating and washing of the clothes. It is a double speed capacitor that helps in running of the washing machine in an open induction system.
The motor is empowered with running at a low, medium and high level based on the requirement of washing. It is also assigned with the operation of spinning and drying the clothes. The machine is installed in the washing machine in a horizontal way and it is built up with high starting torque. It offera reliable operation and easy maintenance. It can be used in a fully automatic machine and also in the semi-automatic washing machine.
Types of Washing Machine Motors
Some of the types are heavy duty, single phase, three phase and explosion proof motors. Those with overload protection offer long tenure to the washing machines. Heavy duty version is used for washing machine to work on high loaded power.
The machines runs tough and stubborn and makes the spin tub to rotate faster. Heavy duty versions are mainly used for high voltage consumption washing machines. Single phase one consumes low power. Single phase type can be used for washing machines having separate units of washing.
For example single phase version is used in spinning machine and dryer machine. Three phase type has strong power voltage and works easier on tough current connections. The electricity power is used in an enhanced manner in the three phase versions.
Common related problems
Washing machine motors face the problem of out of order due to the high voltage electricity and overloading of clothes in the washing machine. Overloaded washing machines force the equipment to move swifter with a harder action and this leads to motor repair. It often faces the problem of a squealing noise and this is caused due to the lack of lubricate oil. Sometimes the belt of the washing machines does not rest upon the motor promptly and this causes improper tumbling of the washer tub.
Defective lid switch also results in the non-movement of the motor. The breakage results in the slow working of the motors. The couplers are made out of rubber and plastic and there are many chances for breakage. Defective running is also a common problem associated with the washing machines.
Some helpful tips
The motors of the washing machine should be rehauled and services should be conducted regularly with the guidance of the professional service person. In the process of removal, the electrical connections relating to the washing machine should be disconnected to ensure safety.
It is always prone to burning out. This is caused mainly due to the frequent and continuous usage of the washing machine. Overloading of clothes leads to repairs and these can be rectified by adopting some small steps in this regard, basically by using minimal quantity of clothes for washing and another tip is the washing machine should not be allowed to run continuously for a long time. Intervals are needed and this makes the motor to cool down. It should be replaced in case of continuous problem. It should not be overheated and minimal usage per day should be adopted.
Best quality should be purchased and for this the best brand of washing machine should be selected. Motors should be used in a manner to provide a long life to the washing machine. Leaking of water in the spin tub should be immediately attended to and repaired, otherwise it may lead to spoilage.
Continuous spilling of water over the motor results in the burning of the same. All the functions relating to the washing machine is mainly connected to the motor. It is considered as an essential part of the washing machine especially in the process of washing and rotating of the spin tub.